Although the later Murchison and Napier earthquakes claimed more lives, neither created the geological upheaval wrought by the Wairarapa earthquake of 1855. It's a tool, resource or reference for study, research, education, learning or teaching, that can be used by teachers, educators, pupils or students; The maximum perceived intensity was IX (Violent) on the Mercalli intensity scale' possibly reaching X (Extreme). The average slip rates in the fault's central region are about 38mm a year, very fast by global standards. The aftershocks would continue for months. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre, tremblement de terre de 1848 à Marlborough en, Liste des tremblements de terre en Nouvelle-Zélande, Liste des tremblements de terre historiques, "Tremblements de terre historiques - Le tremblement de terre de 1855 Wairarapa", licence Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Cette page a été modifiée pour la dernière fois le 12 octobre 2020 à 10:59, This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article. The Marlborough Fault System is a set of four large dextral strike-slip faults and other related structures in the northern part of South Island, New Zealand, which transfer displacement between the mainly transform plate boundary of the Alpine fault and the mainly destructive boundary of the Kermadec Trench, and together form the boundary between the Australian and Pacific Plates. if the issue persists. The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake was caused by movement along this fault. The 1934 Pahiatua earthquake struck at 11:46 pm on 5 March, causing severe damage in much of the lower North Island.  (Maori elders said there was no record in their traditions of an earlier shock which was as great.) The city experienced a series of earthquakes in 1848, including an M7.0 quake that caused major damage to brick and stone structures, including many homes, churches, the jail, and the Colonial Hospital. What Canada’s New Seismic Hazard Model Means for Hazard and Risk. More languages soon. On 23 Jan 1855 a magnitude 8.2 earthquake struck here, killing between 5-9 people in the Wairarapa and Wellington. However, most of the motion on the fault is strike-slip, with the Tasman district and West Coast moving North and Canterbury and Otago moving South. Cause: Earthquake in Wairarapa; The 9:32pm, 23 January 1855 M 8.2 Wairarapa earthquake generated New Zealand’s largest historical locally-generated tsunami. It gives a brief definition of each concept and its relationships. Il a été suggéré que la rupture de surface formée par cet événement a aidé Charles Lyell à relier les tremblements de terre à un mouvement rapide sur les failles . The 1947 Gisborne earthquakes and tsunami occurred east of Gisborne, offshore New Zealand's North Island. New Zealand’s largest earthquake in European times struck the centre of the country almost 150 years ago. The Hope Fault is an active dextral strike-slip fault in the northeastern part of South Island, New Zealand. L' Institut national néo-zélandais de recherche sur l'eau et l'atmosphère a créé un modèle de simulation de tsunami animé basé sur l'événement de Wairarapa de 1855, qui a été projeté dans le téléfilm télévisé "Aftershock". This is a giant online mental map that serves as a basis for concept diagrams. & Walsh, J.J. (2007). The epicentre was approximately 35 kilometres (22 mi) west of Hanmer. Shortly after 9 p.m. a violent earthquake began; in Wellington the main shock lasted for at least 50 seconds. ", National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Charles Lyell and the 1855 Wairarapa earthquake in New Zealand: Recognition of fault rupture accompanying an earthquake, Terminations of large strike-slip faults: an alternative model from New Zealand, Hope Fault, Jordan Thrust, and uplift of the Seaward Kaikoura Range, New Zealand, "World's largest coseismic strike-slip offset: The 1855 rupture of the Wairarapa Fault, New Zealand, and implications for displacement/length scaling of continental earthquakes", "Massive earthquake hits southern North Island", "Historic earthquakes – The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake", Canterbury Earthquake Response and Recovery Act 2010, Canterbury Earthquake Commemoration Day Act 2011. In Wellington, close to the epicenter, shaking lasted for at least 50 seconds. Minor damage was recorded in places as far away as Lyttelton and Christchurch. In the North Island the displacement is mainly taken up along the Kermadec subduction zone, although the remaining dextral strike-slip component of the relative plate motion is accommodated by the North Island Fault System (NIFS). The Southern Alps have been uplifted on the fault over the last 12 million years in a series of earthquakes. It forms part of the Marlborough Fault System, which accommodates the transfer of displacement along the oblique convergent boundary between the Indo-Australian Plate and Pacific Plate, from the transform Alpine Fault to the Hikurangi Trench subduction zone. New Zealand lies along the boundary between the Australian and Pacific Plates. The moment magnitude is estimated to have been in the range 8.2–8.3, the most powerful recorded in New Zealand since systematic European colonisation began in 1840. Un déplacement horizontal jusqu'à 18 mètres (59 pieds) était accompagné d'un soulèvement et d'un basculement de la chaîne de Rimutaka sur le côté nord-ouest de la faille avec des décalages verticaux d'environ 6 mètres près de la faille se réduisant à presque rien sur la côte ouest du Wellington Péninsule. Numerous landslides were reported along the slopes of the Rimutaka Range. The use of URM in New Zealand declined after the Hawkes Bay Earthquake, for example, and the building code has explicitly prohibited its use in new structures since 1965. This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Ce tremblement de terre était associé au plus grand mouvement observé sur une faille antidérapante, maximum 18 mètres (59 pieds). The epicentre is estimated to have been within a zone extending 50 km northeast from Whanganui towards Taihape. The 1888 North Canterbury earthquake occurred at 4:10 am on 1 September following a sequence of foreshocks that started the previous evening, and whose epicentre was in the North Canterbury region of the South Island of New Zealand. The 1848 earthquake, centred in Marlborough, caused great damage to the brick and masonry buildings in Wellington, and the city was rebuilt mainly in wood; consequently it suffered comparatively little damage in the 8.2 magnitude earthquake of 1855, which lifted the land 2–3m. The email address  The earthquake occurred on the Wairarapa Fault which is part of the NIFS. The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on the Wairarapa Fault to the north and east of Wellington. The 1848 Marlborough earthquake was a 7.5 earthquake that occurred at 1:40 a.m. on 16 October 1848 and whose epicenter was in the Marlborough region of the South Island of New Zealand. This fault zone accommodates up to 10 mm/yr of strike-slip displacement. Reports from historical records and diaries – including information from ships at sea – were used to compile this map. It forms part of the North Island Fault System, which accommodates the transfer of displacement along the oblique convergent boundary between the Indo-Australian Plate and Pacific Plate. In the South Island most of the relative displacement between these plates is taken up along a single dextral (right lateral) strike-slip fault with a major reverse component, the Alpine Fault. The first shoreline inland from the present day coast is where the shoreline was in 1855, before the area was uplifted by the Wairarapa earthquake. The mainshock lasted for at least 50 seconds and aftershocks continued for months. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. The 1929 Arthur's Pass earthquake occurred at 10:50 pm NZMT on 9 March. Much of modern Wellington's central business district is formed from land raised from the harbour by the event, as shown by the series of "Shoreline 1840" plaques. From an intensity of 9 close to the epicentre in the Wairarapa, the isoseismal lines radiate outwards, recording the impact over much of central New Zealand. In the South Island most of the relative displacement between these plates is taken up along a single dextral (right lateral) strike-slip fault with a major reverse component, the Alpine Fault. New Zealand lies along the boundary between the Australian and Pacific Plates. Contact us The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on 23 January at about 9 p.m., affecting much of the Cook Strait area of New Zealand, including Marlborough in the South Island and Wellington and Wairarapa in the North Island. You’re almost done. The AIR Earthquake Model for New Zealand provides the most up-to-date and comprehensive view of earthquake risk and enables stakeholders to prepare for and mitigate potential future impacts. Before long, however, earthquake risk faded from memory. The To learn more, read “Earthquake Risk in New Zealand: A Major Model Update”. The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on 23 January at about 9 p.m., affecting much of the Cook Strait area of New Zealand, including Marlborough in the South Island and Wellington and Wairarapa in the North Island. Related maps. AIR Worldwide is a Verisk business.Verisk Analytics®.  This earthquake was associated with the largest observed movement on a strike-slip fault, maximum 18 metres (59 ft). The Modified Mercalli scale (from 1 to 12) measures earthquakes by the intensity of shaking observed.
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