In 1983 the Little Theater on West 45th Street was renamed the Helen Hayes Theatre in her honor, as was a theatre in Nyack, which has since been renamed the Riverspace-Arts Center. She said her stage debut was as a five-year-old singer at Washington's Belasco Theatre, on Lafayette Square, across from the White House. , The Helen Hayes Award for theater in the Washington, DC, area is named in her honor. , Helen Hayes Brown was born in Washington, D.C., on October 10, 1900. Hayes was a generous donor of time and money to a number of causes and organizations, including the Riverside Shakespeare Company of New York City. Diminutive and homespun, Helen Hayes was distinctly less glamorous than the other Great Ladies, but the qualities of modesty and practicality that she projected helped create her lasting appeal. Hayes wrote three memoirs: A Gift of Joy, On Reflection, and My Life in Three Acts. When that venue was torn down in 1982, the nearby Little Theatre was renamed in her honor. It is unclear when or by whom Hayes was called the "First Lady of the Theatre". The annual Helen Hayes Awards, which have recognized excellence in professional theatre in greater Washington, DC, since 1984, are her namesake. listed by duration and year of completion. Parts of the original Helen Hayes Theatre on Broadway were used to construct the Shakespeare Center on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, which Hayes dedicated with Joseph Papp in 1982. In 1979, she received the Laetare Medal from the University of Notre Dame. Hayes was hospitalized a number of times for asthma, which was aggravated by stage dust, forcing her to retire from theater in 1971, at age 71.. " She spent most of her last years writing and raising money for organizations that fight asthma.  One critic said Cornell played every queen as though she were a woman, whereas Hayes played every woman as though she were a queen. Hayes became involved with the hospital in the 1940s and was named to the Board of Visitors in 1944. "Helen Hayes Discovers She's Allergic to Dust,". She has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6220 Hollywood Blvd.  She was also on the board of directors for the Greater New York Council of the Girl Scouts of the USA during the early 1970s. Hayes was interred in Oak Hill Cemetery in Nyack and survived by four grandchildren: Charles P. MacArthur, Mary McClure, Juliette Rappaport, and James D. MacArthur. In early 2014, the site was refurbished and styled by interior designer Dawn Hershko and reopened as the Playhouse Market, a quaint restaurant and gourmet deli.  The next year Hayes performed a second benefit for the Riverside Shakespeare Company, this time at the Marquis Theatre, the construction of which had been made possible by the demolition of the Helen Hayes Theatre three years before. They visited and explored the city; Bellevue Hospital at night, a tugboat hauling garbage out to sea, parties, libraries, and Puerto Rican markets. She was extremely proud of the strides the hospital made toward the rehabilitation of people with disabilities, saying: "I've seen my name in lights on theater marquees and in letters 20 feet tall on Broadway billboards, but nothing has ever given me greater sense of pride and satisfaction than my 49-year association with this unique hospital.". But Hayes did not prefer film to the stage. Helen Hayes MacArthur (née Brown; October 10, 1900 – March 17, 1993) was an American actress whose career spanned 80 years.  By age ten, she had made a short film, Jean and the Calico Doll (1910), but moved to Hollywood only when her husband, playwright Charles MacArthur, signed a Hollywood deal. The production featured Rex Smith, Ossie Davis and F. Murray Abraham, and was produced by McDowell and directed by Robert Small, with Hayes narrating. After the move, Hayes gained some training in drama and acted with a stock theater company. in the Hollywood community of that time. Her mother, Catherine Estelle "Essie" (née Hayes), was an aspiring actress who worked in touring companies. In the 1970s, she was instrumental in lobbying for funding to transform the hospital into a state-of-the-art facility. Hayes, who spoke with her good friend Anita Loos almost daily on the phone, told her, "I used to think New York was the most enthralling place in the world. Hayes was a Catholic and a pro-business Republican who attended many Republican National Conventions (including the one held in New Orleans in 1988), but she was not as politically vocal as several other Republicans (e.g., Adolphe Menjou, Ginger Rogers, John Wayne, Ronald Reagan, etc.) I'll bet it still is and if I were free next summer, I would prove it." O'Haire, Patricia. Hayes's friend Lillian Gish, the "First Lady of American Cinema", was the designated beneficiary of her estate, but Gish had died less than a month earlier. Her friend, actress Katharine Cornell, also held that title, and each thought the other deserved it. In 1972, she received the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement. In that time, she advocated tirelessly for the hospital and successfully led a fight to prevent its relocation to Albany in the 1960s. Hayes was raised on a farm near Sac City, Iowa.  Hayes's Catholic maternal grandparents emigrated from Ireland during the Great Famine. After the move, Hayes gained some training in drama and acted with a stock theater company. In 1951, she was involved in the Broadway revival of J.M. "Helen Hayes Is Remembered in Church She Loved", Anderson, Ruth Nathan. Tomasson, Robert E. "Helping Those Who Help;Scrooge's Return", who have won an Emmy, a Grammy, an Oscar, and a Tony Award (an EGOT), Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play, Tony Award's Vernon Rice-Drama Desk Award, Tony Award's Lawrence Langner Memorial Award, Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama, Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Comedy or Musical, Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie, Emmy Award for Best Lead Actress in a Limited Series, Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress for a Single Appearance in a Drama or Comedy Series, List of persons who have won Academy, Emmy, Grammy, and Tony Awards, List of actors with Academy Award nominations, "Ronald Reagan: Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom – May 12, 1986", "Helen Hayes: A Remembrance – Washington Theatre Guide – TheatreWashington – Helen Hayes Awards", "The Official Website of Helen Hayes: Biography", "Helen Hayes, Flower of the Stage, Dies at 92", "Members of the American Theater Hall of Fame", "Actor James MacArthur, Son of American Theatre Royalty, Dies at Age 72", "Pretty Penny to host Helen Hayes Hospital fundraiser - Lohud Rockland Blog", "About Helen Hayes – Theater (Official site)", "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement", "Photo of Helen Hayes, Lowell Thomas, and Leon Jaworski at the 1974 Banquet of the Golden Plate Award ceremonies in Salt Lake City, Utah. Her last Broadway show was a 1970 revival of Harvey, in which she co-starred with James Stewart. She served on the Helen Hayes Hospital Board of Visitors for 49 years, until her death in 1993. Along with Mildred Natwick, she became a founding member of the company's Board of Advisors in 1981. In the 1980s, business interests wished to raze that theatre and four others to construct a large hotel that included the Marquis Theatre. , In 1982, with friend Lady Bird Johnson, she founded the National Wildflower Research Center, now the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, in Austin, Texas. Evely, Douglas E., Dickson, Paul, and Ackerman, S.J. Some of these books' themes include her return to Roman Catholicism (she had been denied communion from the Church for the duration of her marriage to Charles MacArthur, who was a divorced Protestant); and the death of her only daughter, Mary (1930–1949), an aspiring actress, of polio at the age of 19. Her performance in Anastasia was considered a comeback—she had suspended her career for several years due to her daughter Mary's death and her husband's failing health. Hayes's adopted son, James MacArthur (1937–2010), went on to a career in acting, starring in Hawaii Five-O on television and marrying actresses Joyce Bulifant and Melody Patterson, and later, Helen Beth "H.B." In 2011, she was honored with a US postage stamp.. She starred in My Son John (1952) and Anastasia (1956), and won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role as an elderly stowaway in the disaster film Airport (1970). She returned to Hollywood in the 1950s, and her film star began to rise. "Dickens lends the Bard a Hand,". Barnes, Clive. , In 1983, Hayes received the Award for Greatest Public Service Benefiting the Disadvantaged, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards.. Brochure of the Riverside Shakespeare Company, 1982, p. 3.
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