when was the summer palace built

All Rights Reserved. The Summer Palace consists of two major parts, Wanshou Hill and Kunming Lake, with beautiful scenery and magnificent architecture.

China tourism information, There is no need for special vaccination.

In Peter's new park everything was created according to the latest fashions; the trees and bushes were trimmed in the most elaborate way and all the alleys were decorated with marble statues and fountains. Peter the Great used to organize regular receptions and balls in the gardens, his " assamblei ", which involved dancing and drinking and impressive firework displays. This has misled some visitors to believe wrongly that the Old Summer Palace was made up only of European-style buildings. Kunming Lake: This beautiful area is home to many attractions. The natural scenes draw both local and foreign artists, who come to paint the landscape. The Pavilion of the Fragrance of Buddha, 41 meters high, is decorated with glazed tiles. } The lake is artificial, being dug out by huge team of workers. In addition, hundreds of examples of Chinese artwork and antiquities were stored in the halls, along with unique copies of literary works and compilations. // Special handling for facebook iOS since it cannot open new windows The Summer Palace, a small two-storey yellow building, was built between 1710 and 1714, with 7 rooms on each floor. During the 1880s, an adjacent imperial gardens, the Gardens of Clear Ripples (the present-day Summer Palace) was restored for the use of Empress Dowager Cixi as a new summer resort, albeit on a smaller scale. In the present day, the ruins of the European-style palaces are the most prominent building remnants on the site. During the Ming Dynasty in 1494, the Hongzhi Emperor wanted to build a temple for his wet nurse on Longevity Hill. Several temples located inside the Old Summer Palace grounds have also been refurbished and rebuilt.

Ming Wuzong built a palace on the lakeside, which is called “Haoshan Garden” and is a royal garden. On October 18, Lord Elgin, the British High Commissioner to China, retaliated against the Chinese resistance by ordering the destruction of the Old Summer Palace. Gateway, Copyright © China Internet Scenic spots, mainly in front of Longevity Hill, back Mountain, back Lake and Kunming Lake, are the main components of the whole park.

The double-sided empty corridor can be used no matter the straight corridor, curved corridor, corridor, copying gallery, etc., no matter in the large space with far-reaching scenery, or in the small space with twists and turns and dexterity.

The Yongzheng Emperor also constructed a number of "living tableaux" he and his family could observe and interact with. In the fifteenth year of Qianlong (1750), Emperor Qianlong used 4.48 million silver to honor his mother, the Queen of the Holy Constitution, to transform it into the Garden of clear ripples, forming a 20-kilometer-long royal garden from Tsinghua Garden to Xiangshan.

In 1900, towards the end of the Boxer Rebellion, the Summer Palace suffered damages again when the forces of the Eight-Nation Alliance destroyed the imperial gardens and seized many artifacts stored in the palace.

There are currently several plans in China for rebuilding the Imperial Gardens, but such moves have been opposed on the grounds that they will destroy an important relic of modern Chinese history.

The Summer Palace in northwest suburban Beijing is the largest and most complete imperial garden existing in China. It is also a national key tourist attraction. In the seventh year of Hongzhi in the Ming Dynasty, Ming Xiaozong’s nurse Luo built Yuanjing Temple in front of Wengshan, which was later abandoned. it depends on how you visit. Renovation and extension in the following several hundred years till the end of the 19th century led it into the scale we see today, and was officially named Summer Palace. The move was made by Wanyan Liang, the fourth ruler of the Jin Dynasty. Constructed throughout the 18th and early 19th centuries, the Old Summer Palace was the main imperial residence of Qianlong Emperor of the Qing dynasty and his successors, and where they handled state affairs; the Forbidden City was used for formal ceremonies. Get our help and advice choosing services and options to plan a prefect train journey. var IE = /*@cc_on! if (document.getElementById("af-footer-1750518880")) { [14] Destroying the Old Summer Palace was also a warning to the Qing Empire not to use using kidnapping as a political tactic against Britain. document.getElementById("af-body-1750518880").className = "af-body inline af-quirksMode"; it was built as a birthday present for the emperor's mother's 60th birthday. Some of these buildings were restored by the Tongzhi Emperor before the project was abandoned. Beijing Airport is also often affected by showers from June to September, and flights may [......], 2020-04-17 -Take a boat ride on the lake if you’re visiting during the summer. Make sure to see the Marble Boat, Suzhou Market Street, Seventeen-arch Bridge, Nanhu Island, Bronze Ox, Spacious Pavilion, Pavilion of Bright Scenery, and the Hall of Embracing The Universe. In 1860, during the Second Opium War, British and French expeditionary forces, having marched inland from the coast at Tianjin (Tientsin), arrived in Beijing (Peking). These structures, built partly of stone but mainly with a Chinese infrastructure of timber columns, coloured tiles and brick walls, were planned and designed by the Jesuit Giuseppe Castiglione with Michel Benoist responsible for the fountains and waterwork. The ruins of the Old Summer Palace remain open to the public and are an important tourist attraction in Haidian District. During the reign of Ming Xi, Wei Zhongxian took the Haoshan Garden as his own. The Summer Palace, a small two-storey yellow building, was built between 1710 and 1714, with 7 rooms on each floor.

If you must give some advice, then give a hepatitis B vaccine, because China's hepatitis B epidemic is the most serious in the world, if you are really worried, [......], Travel Tips The Garden of Perfect Brightness: A Life in Ruins.

It is a large-scale landscape garden based on Kunming Lake and Longevity Hill, based on the West Lake in Hangzhou and drawing on the design techniques of the gardens in the south of the Yangtze River. it is also the most well-preserved royal palace, known as the “Royal Garden Museum”. On the other side of the walkway is a further canal to keep it cool. In 1873, the teenage Tongzhi Emperor attempted to rebuild the Old Summer Palace, on the pretext of turning it into a place of retirement for his two former regents, the empress dowagers Ci'an and Cixi. In 1900, many of the buildings that had survived or had been restored were burnt for good by the forces of the Eight-Nation Alliance. The roof of a single-sided empty corridor is sometimes made into a single slope to facilitate drainage. The natural features are enhanced with ornate bridges, halls, temples, palaces, and pavilions. The promenade is one of the most important scenic spots in the Summer Palace, and it is also the only way to the main scenic spots in the central area of the park. It is crossed by a number of elegant little bridges. The Old Summer Palace, known in Chinese as Yuanming Yuan (圆明园; 圓明園; Yuánmíng Yuán; 'Gardens of Perfect Brightness'), and originally called the Imperial Gardens (御园; 御園; Yù Yuán), was a complex of palaces and gardens in present-day Haidian District, Beijing, China. Visitors travel westward from the starting point of the eastern end of the corridor, “invitation Moon Gate”. The Marble Boat at the western end of the Long Corridor is a noted structure on water. John R. Finlay, “40 Views of the Yuanming yuan”: Image and Ideology in a Qianlong Imperial Album of Poetry and Painting, Royal and noble ranks of the Qing dynasty, Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Convention Between Great Britain and China Respecting Tibet, Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory, Banknotes of the Ta-Ching Government Bank, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Old_Summer_Palace&oldid=982764062, Major National Historical and Cultural Sites in Beijing, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from February 2015, Articles with Chinese-language sources (zh), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Lumby, E. W. R. "Lord Elgin and the Burning of the Summer Palace. As the symbolic structure in the Summer Palace, the Tower of Buddhist Incense was built on the Longevity Hill during the reign of Emperor Qianlong. It was built in 1750 and completed in 1764, covering an area of 290ha (4400 mu), accounting for about 3/4 of the water surface. })(); Learn How To Book The Cheapest Flights to China. If you plan on visiting Beijing and The Summer Palace, here are some great tours to help you see it all.

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